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Date submitted: 22-Apr-1996
4/22/96, LWA PROBABLE REASON FOR CORRELATION BETWEEN TEMPERATURE AND EMISSION MEASURE IN SXT LOW-TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENTS Wolfson, Acton and Datlowe (Solar Physics, 59, 373, 1978) discuss a problem which I believe is analogous to the Te, EM correlation seen in SXT analysis of low tempeature situations. In the 1978 case we were observing active regions with the Mapping X-ray Heliometer (MXRH)on OSO-8. The MXRH was like SXT in that it was much more sensitive at higher plasma temperatures. When the MXRH proportional counter spectra of small flares in active retions were reduced the emission measure was observe to DECREASE at the beginning the flares. Wolfson's paper demonstrated that the much stronger signal from the small amount of flare plasma so dominated the MXRH count spectrum that the larger emission measure of the background active region was effectively lost. Only when the active region signal was subtracted from the flare signal could a proper emission measure for the flare be derived. For the SXT full-disk observations we have a similar situation. Even though the emission measure of the cool corona might be larger than that from the hotter active regions it can be "masked" by the much larger active region signals. This will produce an apparent decrease in total emission measure. The figure demonstrates the remarkable agreement between the Te, EM curve for about month's worth (8-MAR-92 00:57:46 to 11-APR-92 17:47:47) of SXT measurements and the sensitivity curves of Al.1 and AlMg. To test my hypothesis further I've used the SXT software to "observe" 3 model coronas. Model Log T EM Cool corona 6.1 10 Active region 6.7 1 Combined 6.1 10 6.7 1 for these 3 model coronas the SXT would have returned the following measurements through the Al.1 and AlMg filters. Before first entrance filter failure: Model Log T EM Al.1 AlMg (DN) (DN) Cool corona 6.10000 10.2920 38.4816 13.5577 Active region 6.70000 1.02920 269.175 156.955 Combined 6.56065 1.56040 307.657 170.513 After second entrance filter failure: Model Log T EM Al.1 AlMg (DN) (DN) Cool corona 6.10000 10.2920 77.6740 25.1125 Active region 6.70000 1.02920 321.450 183.970 Combined 6.47838 2.23163 399.124 209.082 The results are encouraging in that the proper temperature and emission measurements werre returned for the case of the cool corona and active region. The combined model demonstrates quite clearly how the smaller amount of hot material "masks" the cooler plasma. This is especially true before the two entrance filter failures increased the low temperature sensitivity of the SXT.